arteriovenous shunt

arteriovenous shunt
артериовенозный шунт

English-russian biological dictionary. 2013.

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  • arteriovenous shunt — 1. anastomosis arteriolovenularis. 2. a U shaped plastic tube inserted between an artery and a vein (usually between the radial artery and cephalic vein), bypassing the capillary network, a formerly common means of arteriovenous access …   Medical dictionary

  • shunt´er — shunt «shuhnt», verb, noun. –v.t. 1. a) to switch (a train) from one track to another: »The car was uncoupled from the rest of the train and shunted into a siding (London Times). SYNONYM(S): deflection. b) to switch (anything) to another route or …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shunt — 1) To move a body fluid, such as cerebrospinal fluid, from one place to another. 2) A catheter (tube) that carries cerebrospinal fluid from a ventricle in the brain to another area of the body. A shunt may be placed to relieve pressure from… …   Medical dictionary

  • arteriovenous anastomosis — a thick walled blood vessel that connects an arteriole directly with a venule, thus bypassing the capillaries. Arteriovenous anastomoses are commonly found in the skin of the lips, nose, ears, hands and feet; their muscular walls can constrict to …   Medical dictionary

  • arteriovenous access — a tube that begins at an artery and ends at a vein, the usual means of vascular access for hemodialysis apparatus to blood vessels; see also arteriovenous fistula and arteriovenous shunt …   Medical dictionary

  • A-V shunt — Abbreviation for arteriovenous shunt …   Medical dictionary

  • Quinton-Scribner shunt — an arteriovenous shunt formerly widely used for hemodialysis, consisting of an external cannula composed of a U shaped Silastic tube with Teflon tips, connecting the radial artery and the cephalic vein …   Medical dictionary

  • Thomas shunt — an arteriovenous shunt for hemodialysis, consisting of a Silastic cannula with Dacron cuffs inserted between the femoral artery and femoral vein …   Medical dictionary

  • Hemodialysis — In medicine, hemodialysis (also haemodialysis) is a method for removing waste products such as potassium and urea, as well as free water from the blood when the kidneys are in renal failure. Hemodialysis is one of three renal replacement… …   Wikipedia

  • Aneurysm — A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture. The word “aneurysm” comes from the Greek “aneurysma” meaning “a widening.” * * *… …   Medical dictionary

  • Nils Alwall — (1904, Kiaby – 1986), a Swedish professor, was a pioneer in hemodialysis and the inventor of one of the first practical dialysis machines. Alwall pioneered the technique of ultrafiltration and introduced the principle of hemofiltration.[1][2][3]… …   Wikipedia

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